1. Modern style


Modern architecture and design, including interiors, is a broad umbrella term for design styles united by a common intention – a celebration of material, technology and composition through authenticity, transparency and efficiency.
Inspired by the Modernist art movement that preceded it, the Modernist style, born at the dawn of the 20th century, reinvented our relationship with space and aesthetics to bring us closer in touch with it. A building was more than an inhabitable shell; it was now a machine for living in.
Modernist interiors are therefore often a complex overlay of functional programming, careful compositions and clearly articulated lines and geometry. The inherent materiality of a form is an integral part of the design language here, as is an emphasis on visual and functional simplicity.

2. Mid-century modern style


Mid-Century modern describes a style that gained momentum in the aftermath of the Second World War. With echoes of the Bauhaus and International movement, this arm of modernist interior design is set apart by its vivid use of colour, crisp lines, and interactive dialogues with nature and the outdoors.
The emphasis here is on strengthening interpersonal bonds; space was viewed as being more than just a functional container, and emerged as a canvas for the personal and social ideologies that drove humanity post-WWII. Generous, open planned interiors with an emphasis on common, shared areas, broad interfaces between the home and its natural surround, and a functional and visual clarity integral to the Modernist style mark these spaces.
The colour palette of Mid-century modern style usually floats in hues of orange, yellow, green and brown, although deviations are not uncommon.

3. Minimalist style

Sparked by the Minimalist arts movement of the 1960s and 70s, and inspired by traditional Japanese design and Zen philosophy, minimalist interiors express the driving concepts of modernism in an almost puritanical palette.
Stripping things down to their bare basics, minimalism offers us an aesthetic that relies on the efficiency of the design. Devoid of distractions or clutter, minimalist interiors are streamlined to maximise on bold visual impacts and the underlying use of the space.
Elements and motifs are kept to a bare minimum, with concealed storage and careful detailing playing their due part. Colours are explored in hushed tones, with an accent or two taking centre stage.
The repetition and movement of lines and a generous introduction of natural light keep these interiors light and dynamic.

4. Scandinavian style

Like its other modernist counterparts, Scandinavian style embodies a move towards simplicity, functionality and efficiency; it also however brings an emphasis on affordability to the palette.
Stirred by democratic design ideals, Scandinavian design strikes a careful balance between minimalist efficiency and warm, personal invitations.
This interior style is characterised by organic materials, bare ornamentation and clean detailing. The color palette swims in black and white, with greys and blues or the occasional pop of colour brings visual respite. Silhouettes and contours in Scandinavian interiors are more rounded and sinuous, which along with organic textures create a much cosier vibe in even the barest of layouts and arrangements.

5. Contemporary style

The Contemporary style, by its very definition, is current and therefore is an ever-evolving palette that echoes prevalent trends and tastes at any given time. As such it is tricky to characterise this style as a set of given ideas, intentions or traits; however, as a design style, it diverges from the modernist aesthetic by presenting a more balanced and rounded approach to interior design.
With the Mid-century modern style being in favour at the moment, contemporary interiors currently borrow heavily from it; however, these elements, colours and lines are laid out in gentler compositions that make as much room for visual indulgence as functional efficiency. Neither cold nor too formal, these are warm, cosy spaces that are a lot more fluid and instinctive in their making.